Emotional distress in tunisian women with breast or gynecological cancer: enhancing well-being and quality of life


Author(s): Manizhe Jozpanahi, Fatemeh Valikhani, Hamidreza Asaiyan and Noshin Jalili*

Introduction: Brucellosis is the most common zoonotic infection all over the world that can cause acute or chronic symptoms. The present study was aimed at determining the level of awareness and attitude of residents over 18 years of age in a number of villages in Zanjan province (Abhar and Khorramdarreh districts), where this information can provide correct information to the relevant officials in order to formulate control programs. Materials and Methods: In this study, 350 samples were randomly selected from a number of rural areas of Zanjan province. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire to measure knowledge and attitude, and the data was analyzed using SPSS software version 18.0, and the average knowledge and attitude of the people was also reported. Results: The average age of the participants in the study was 43 years. 32.3% of the participants were male and 67.7% were female. The average knowledge score of all participants was 49 ± 17.01, which have demonstrated a significant relationship with occupation, owning livestock and history of livestock vaccination. In terms of occupation, employees (64 ± 17.73), people with animal husbandry and people who mentioned the history of animal vaccination, obtained higher scores, respectively (52.79 ± 17.62; 35.41 ± 17.62). The average percentage of positive attitude was found to be 24.5% and people who had a diploma and had a history of brucellosis exhibited a higher score in terms of attitude. Conclusion: Study participants had low knowledge and attitude. It is suggested to consider educational programs to improve the level of knowledge and attitude of villagers about brucellosis.

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Awards Nomination

Editors List

  • Prof. Elhadi Miskeen

    Obstetrics and Gynaecology Faculty of Medicine, University of Bisha, Saudi Arabia

  • Ahmed Hussien Alshewered

    University of Basrah College of Medicine, Iraq

  • Sudhakar Tummala

    Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering SRM University – AP, Andhra Pradesh




  • Alphonse Laya

    Supervisor of Biochemistry Lab and PhD. students of Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry and Department of Chemis


  • Fava Maria Giovanna


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