Detection of methylated gene (p16) in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma using conventional PCR


Author(s): Ehab T Yassen and Mohammed Q Mohammed*

Introduction: The role of detecting abnormal methylations in the genes and other epigenetic abnormalities in the patients with HNSCC, like p16 gene in the DNA of human cells could guide us to detect carcinoma early.

Aim: To detection abnormal methylation in p16 gene in HNSCC.

Patients and Methods: This is a case-control and cross sectional combine study conducted in the Otolaryngology Department at Al-Yarmouk Teaching Hospital. Forty one patients enrolled, they were divided into two groups. Group-A included 21 patients have HNSCC and group-B included 20 patients as controls. Saliva was collected from oral cavity. PCR was performed to identify the DNA. This is subjected to methylations looking for the presence or absence of gene methylation.

Results: 21 patients in group-A, 16 were males, and 5 were females. 7 patients were positive for methylation in EXON-1, 5 were smokers and 2 were alcoholic, whereas 12 were positive for methylation in EXON-2, 8 were smokers and 2 were alcoholic. In group B: 7 patients were positive for methylation in EXON-1, 6 were smokers and 3 were alcoholic, whereas 4 were positive for methylation in EXON-2, all were smokers and 1 was alcoholic.

Conclusion: Hyper-methylation in specific EXON of gene p16 is a useful method for the detection of abnormal epigenetic which could lead to the development of HNSCC in high risk people. The detection of methylation in p16 correlates well with nodal involvement. EXON-2 methylation of p16 gene was significantly detected more than EXON-1 and more with HNSCC.

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Editors List

  • Fava Maria Giovanna


  • Manuprasad Avaronnan

  • Alireza Heidari

    Full Distinguished Professor and Academic Tenure of Chemistry and Enrico Fermi Distinguished Chair in Molecular Spectroscopy and Head of Cancer Research Institute (CRI) and Director of the BioSpectroscopy Core Research Laboratory (BCRL) at Faculty of Chemistry, California South University (CSU), Irvine, California, USA and President of the American International Standards Institute (AISI), Irvine, California, USA and Board Member of the World Association of Theoretical and Computational Chemists (WATOC)

  • DR. Prabira Kumar Sethy

    Department of Electronics, Sambalpur University

  • Dr. Surampudi Sreedhar

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