First step in immunotherapies era: any hope to cure or not; review article

Abstract

Author(s): Ayman Rasmy, Amal Ameen, Mohamed Mashiaki

Immunotherapy is the standard treatment for certain types of cancer that have spread such as melanoma. It aids the immune system to recognize and attack cancer cells. Unlike other forms of treatment that produce harsh side effects such as chemotherapy; immunotherapy causes less harm as it uses the patient’s immune system and is a milder form of treatment. Thus, immunotherapy is a more preferable way in the treatment of cancer such, especially ovary, lung, breast, or renal so as to ensure recovery with fewer difficulties. Normally, the human body has natural capabilities to detect and eradicate abnormal cells that could evolve into cancer. Some cancer cells are however capable of producing signals that blind the immune system from detecting them or by changing themselves so they are unrecognizable. Immunotherapy thus looks to restore and sharpen the ability of the immune system to encounter these problems efficiently. Such therapies work in two major ways. They invigorate parts of the immune system so they can work better and also neutralize signals from cancer cells which inhibit the immune system.

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Editors List

  • S.SREEDHAR

    Submitted PhD thesis in Biotechnology at GITAM University, Vizag.

  • Yousef Alomi

    Yousef Alomi
    The Past Head, General Administration of Pharmaceutical Care at Ministry of Health,
    Saudi Arabia Critical Care/TPN
    Clinical Pharmacist Ministry of Health,
    Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

  • Osamu Tanaka

    Osamu Tanaka
    Assistant Professor,
    Department of Radiation Oncology
    Asahi University Hospital
    Gifu city, Gifu, Japan

  • Maher Abdel Fattah Al-Shayeb

    Department of Surgical Sciences, Ajman University, UAE

  • Andrzej Zdziennicki

    Institute of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Medical University of Lodz, I Clinic of Gynecology and Gynecological Oncology (Lodz, Poland)

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