Evaluation of oral health status among a group of women with breast cancer in Medical City, Baghdad


Author(s): Raghad R. Al-Zaidi*

Background: Breast cancer is one of the serious diseases affect women in large percentage that may cause general systemic changes, these systemic changes affect general health and oral health. Aims of the study: The aims of the present study were to assess the oral health condition including dental caries, oral cleanliness and gingival health condition among breast cancer compared to control group. Materials and Methods: The total sample composed of 40 females aged (16 years – 60 years) 20 females diagnosed with breast cancer attending Baghdad center for radiotherapy in Medical City in Baghdad province, Iraq, were selected for the study compared to 20 healthy females be chosen randomly; attending Collage of Dentistry in Al-Iraqia University for their regular checkup and treatment in Baghdad province matching in age and gender. Decayed, missing and filled surfaces (DMFS), plaque (PlI), Gingival (GI) and calculus (CaI) indices were used to measure oral health status for both groups. The data of current study was analyzed using SPSS version 26. Results: The entire breast cancer group was caries-active. A higher DMFS values were recorded for study compared to control group, difference was statistically highly, concerning DMFS (P<0.01). (DS, MS) higher in breast cancer patients than control with highly significant difference between them regarding to (DS, MS) only. PlI, CaI, indices were found to be higher in the study compared to control group and the difference were highly statistically not significant. The GI index was found to be higher in the study compared to control group and the difference statistically significant (P<0.01). The correlations between GI, CI indices and DMFS indices in study group were statistically not significant except for PlI was highly significant. Conclusion: Patients with breast cancer had more caries severity, gingivitis, plaque and calculus higher than control group. Dental care planners should develop preventive strategies that are targeted at caries prevention; oral care practices and oral care education and promotion to address the various oral care challenges in breast cancer. compared to normal subjects.

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Awards Nomination

Editors List

  • Prof. Elhadi Miskeen

    Obstetrics and Gynaecology Faculty of Medicine, University of Bisha, Saudi Arabia

  • Ahmed Hussien Alshewered

    University of Basrah College of Medicine, Iraq

  • Sudhakar Tummala

    Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering SRM University – AP, Andhra Pradesh




  • Alphonse Laya

    Supervisor of Biochemistry Lab and PhD. students of Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry and Department of Chemis


  • Fava Maria Giovanna


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